Boca Health

UNDERSTANDING METABOLISM

Simply put, metabolism is the sum of all the body’s processes. While you go about your day, your body uses up energy to do things like keep pH levels stabilized, make your heart beat, and have your eyes blink. When the cost of this energy use is measured, it’s known as resting energy expenditure; known to most as “metabolism”.

When thinking about metabolism, it’s often helpful to view the body in the environment it was designed for: the plains of the Paleolithic era, over 50,000 years ago.

All bodily functions, including metabolism, are a reflection of thousands of years of evolution. The industrial revolution occurred relatively recently in human history, and adaptations haven’t even begun to catch up. In fact, many scientists view the dichotomy between our ancient DNA and our modern environment as the underlying cause of obesity and related disorders.

 

What Influences Metabolism

A number of factors significantly influence metabolism. Here are some of the most significant:

Age: As you age, metabolism tends to slow down. While some of this is an inevitable part of getting older, new research points towards body composition changes as the driving force behind the age-related slowing of metabolism.

Body Composition: Body composition is an extremely important part of metabolic rate. Indeed, people who are more muscular (and therefore have a lower body fat %), tend to have a much higher metabolism than people who tend to carry more fat.

In other words, two people can be at the same exact weight and have completely different metabolic rates –all due to differences in body composition.

Caloric Intake: When caloric intake meets or exceeds the necessary amount to maintain weight, metabolism remains high. However, if calories are suddenly scarce, the body shifts into what’s known as “starvation mode”.

While in starvation mode, the body severely reduces energy expenditure and alters enzymes and pathways in an effort to retain as much mass as possible. Starvation mode helped our primitive environments survive during times of famine. However, in today’s environment, this adaptation serves only as a roadblock to weight loss success.

Nutrient Intake: The ratio of carbohydrates (“carbs”), protein, and fat that you eat –known as macronutrients- has a profound influence on metabolism. In recent years dietary fat has been demonized. Yet, contrary to popular belief, eating fat won’t necessarily make you fat. Recent research shows that a carbohydrate restricted, high protein, moderate fat diet stimulates metabolism.

HOW TO INCREASE METABOLISM

Fortunately, you aren’t at the whim of your body when it comes to how many calories you burn in a day.

Here are two of our top weight loss tips at Boca Health to keep metabolism from precipitously dropping:

 

Macronutrients- Based on contemporary science, we advocate a high protein diet with limited intake of carbohydrates. Healthy eating results in not only a short-term metabolic boost, but due to the fat loss, that this approach elicits, it positively changes body composition.

 

HCG:  To offset a starvation mode in the body, we utilize a highly effective treatment called HCG. In essence, HCG prevents your body’s metabolism from lowering during weight loss. Also, because HCG significantly reduces fat storage, body composition improves.